People who identify with a European ethnicity (eg New Zealand European, English, Dutch) or Other ethnicity (eg New Zealander), with or without other ethnicities. Because ethnicity is self-perceived, people can identify with a European ethnicity even though they are not descended from a European ancestor. Conversely, people may choose to not identify with a European ethnicity even though they are descended from a European ancestor.
The 'European' and 'Other Ethnicity' ethnic groups are defined in Level One of the Standard Classification of Ethnicity 2005. The 'European or Other (including New Zealander)' group includes people who belong to the 'European' or 'Other Ethnicity' groups. If a person belongs to both the 'European' and 'Other Ethnicity' groups, they are only counted once. The use of a 'European or Other' grouping reflects that sometimes sufficient data can be derived for the combined ethnic grouping, but not for the separate ethnic groups (as in the case of ethnic population projections). This approach is consistent with Guidelines for Using Ethnicity Data: 2006 Census.en-NZ