Variable Description

[cen_dwl_dwell_rec_type_code] en-NZ
CEN Private Dwelling Indicator en-NZ

Dwelling type is the variable which classifies dwellings according to their structure, location, and function. A dwelling is any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent, temporary or even mobile nature and includes structures such as motels, hotels, hospitals, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents.

At the highest level, dwellings are classified as private or non-private. A private dwelling accommodates a person or a group of persons, but is not available to the public. Included are: houses, flats, and apartments; residences attached to a business or institution; baches, cribs and huts; garages; caravans, cabins and tents; vehicles; vessels; or dwellings of the above types that are under construction.

All other dwellings are non-private and are available to the public. They may be available for use either generally, or by virtue of occupation or study, special need, or legal requirement. Such dwellings may have facilities (such as a dining room) that are for shared use. These dwellings include: hotels and motels; guest houses and boarding houses; hostels; public and private hospitals; homes for the elderly; educational, welfare, religious and charitable institutions; prisons and penal institutions; defence establishments; work camps, staff quarters and seasonal quarters; motor camps; and other communal dwellings. If this type of accommodation includes units that are designed for the exclusive use (temporarily) of one or more persons, the units are considered to be part of the non-private dwelling and not separate non-private dwellings. Private residences that are attached to non-private dwellings are, however, considered to be separate private dwellings. A dwelling means any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent or temporary nature and includes structures such as houses, motels, hotels, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents. There can be more than one dwelling within a building, such as an apartment building, each apartment or unit is considered to be a separate dwelling.

Dwelling type provides data on the nature of housing in New Zealand. Information on dwelling type is used to determine the location of temporary and sub-standard housing and to monitor trends and developments in housing in order to allocate housing resources and plan for the future housing needs of the community. Statistics on dwelling type are used by Statistics New Zealand (SNZ) for drawing up samples for the HLFS, HES, and CPI Rent survey. Dwelling type can be cross-tabulated with other dwelling characteristics, such as tenure of dwelling and number of rooms; household and family characteristics, such as family income; and the characteristics of household members, such as age, sex, ethnic group, income, and education.

This variable is not part of a dataset.


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Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
2 30/11/2021 4:14:30 PM