Represented Variable

CENSUS 2013 Dwelling Type en-NZ

Occupied dwelling type classifies all occupied dwellings according to their structure and function.

A dwelling is defined as occupied if it was occupied at midnight on census night, or at any time during the next 12 hours, unless the occupant(s) completed a form at another dwelling during this period.

This variable is derived from the office use box, question 4 (dwelling description) and question 5 (number of storeys) on the dwelling form. The office use box is completed by the collector.

'Occupied private dwelling not further defined' includes baches, cribs, and holiday homes; dwellings joined to businesses or shops; and vague responses that could not be classified as separate or joined private dwellings (eg state house).

Each independent self-care unit, villa, or house within a retirement village is classified as a private dwelling and is included in the appropriate private dwelling category, according to whether it is separate or joined and the number of storeys.

The homes of people who live in a motor camp are classified as private dwellings and are in the 'Dwelling in a motor camp' category. Rest homes are included in the 'Residential care for older people' category.

'Educational institution' includes non-private dwellings accommodating small groups of tertiary students, as well as traditional halls of residence for tertiary students and other educational institutions such as boarding school hostels.

The night shelter category is solely for night shelters. Other forms of accommodation aimed at people who are housing-deprived such as transitional housing and Salvation Army hostels are classified as welfare institutions.

'Hotel, motel, guest accommodation' includes some dwellings that provide long-term accommodation. Usual residents of these dwellings may include students.

A boarding house is defined as a dwelling that is mainly intended for boarders, has lockable bedrooms that are rented by the room, communal facilities, and can accommodate six or more boarders.

The numbers of some types of non-private dwellings (eg motor camps, commercial vessels) can fluctuate according to factors such as events at census time or the weather at census time. A dwelling means any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent or temporary nature and includes structures such as houses, motels, hotels, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents. There can be more than one dwelling within a building, such as an apartment building, each apartment or unit is considered to be a separate dwelling.

Dwelling type provides data on the nature of housing in New Zealand. Information on dwelling type is used to determine the location of temporary and sub-standard housing and to monitor trends and developments in housing in order to allocate housing resources and plan for the future housing needs of the community. Statistics on dwelling type are used by Statistics New Zealand (SNZ) for drawing up samples for the HLFS, HES, and CPI Rent survey. Dwelling type can be cross-tabulated with other dwelling characteristics, such as tenure of dwelling and number of rooms; household and family characteristics, such as family income; and the characteristics of household members, such as age, sex, ethnic group, income, and education.

Dwelling type is the variable which classifies dwellings according to their structure, location, and function. A dwelling is any building or structure, or part thereof, that is used (or intended to be used) for the purpose of human habitation. It can be of a permanent, temporary or even mobile nature and includes structures such as motels, hotels, hospitals, prisons, motor homes, huts, and tents.

At the highest level, dwellings are classified as private or non-private. A private dwelling accommodates a person or a group of persons, but is not available to the public. Included are: houses, flats, and apartments; residences attached to a business or institution; baches, cribs and huts; garages; caravans, cabins and tents; vehicles; vessels; or dwellings of the above types that are under construction.

All other dwellings are non-private and are available to the public. They may be available for use either generally, or by virtue of occupation or study, special need, or legal requirement. Such dwellings may have facilities (such as a dining room) that are for shared use. These dwellings include: hotels and motels; guest houses and boarding houses; hostels; public and private hospitals; homes for the elderly; educational, welfare, religious and charitable institutions; prisons and penal institutions; defence establishments; work camps, staff quarters and seasonal quarters; motor camps; and other communal dwellings. If this type of accommodation includes units that are designed for the exclusive use (temporarily) of one or more persons, the units are considered to be part of the non-private dwelling and not separate non-private dwellings. Private residences that are attached to non-private dwellings are, however, considered to be separate private dwellings.





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Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
1 30/11/2021 4:14:21 PM