2018 Census of Population and Dwellings - Individual Variables (Published)

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2018 Census of Population and Dwellings - Individual Variables (Published)

See the 'Ethnicity/ethnic group' definition in Individual definitions and the 'Single and combination' definition in General definitions.

For classification see Aria.

See the 'Ethnicity/ethnic group' definition in Individual definitions and the 'Single and combination' definition in General definitions.

For full classification see Aria.

Ethnicity is the ethnic group or groups a person identifies with or has a sense of belonging to. It is a measure of cultural affiliation (in contrast to race, ancestry, nationality, or citizenship). Ethnicity is self-perceived and a person can belong to more than one ethnic group.

An ethnic group is made up of people who have some or all of the following characteristics:

  • a common proper name
  • one or more elements of common culture that need not be specified, but may include religion, customs, or language
  • a unique community of interests, feelings, and actions
  • a shared sense of common origins or ancestry
  • a common geographic origin.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

A person is of Māori descent if they are the descendent of a person who has Māori descent or ancestry (these terms are used synonymously).

The term Māori descent is based on a genealogical or biological concept, rather than on cultural affiliation to the Māori ethnic group. Information on cultural affiliations, or ethnicity, is collected in the census question on ethnic group. For the purposes of the Māori descent classification, Cook Island Māori should not be classified to the Māori descent category.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Birthplace refers to the country where a person was born and uses the name of the country at the time of the census. Country is the current, short, or official name of a country, dependency, or other area of particular geopolitical interest. The term is defined to include:

  • independent countries recognised by the New Zealand Government
  • units that are recognised geographic areas
  • administrative subdivisions of the United Kingdom
  • overseas dependencies, or external territories of independent countries.

Note: the category 'at sea' is included in the 'supplementary codes' but is a valid response.

For full classification with levels 1-3 see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

For full classification with levels 1-4 see Aria. Code 'i_language_output_level1' is for the second level of the classification and 'i_language_output_level3' is for the lowest level (level 4) of the classification.

These are the individual fields for each language indicated. The categories are the same as for language spoken (total responses).

See the 'Language spoken' definition in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-4 for each field see Aria.

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

For classification see Aria.

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

For full classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Religious affiliation is the self-identified association of a person with a religion, denomination, or sub-denominational religious group.

A religion is a set of beliefs and practices that usually involves acknowledging a higher power, and guides people’s conduct and morals. Religious affiliation can have multiple responses as people may have affiliation with more than one religion or denomination.

A denomination is a subgroup of a religion. For example, Roman Catholic is a Christian denomination.

Note: the 'object to answer' category is within the residual categories but is a valid response.

For full classification with levels 1-3 see Aria. Code 'i_religion_output_level1' is for the first level of the classification and 'i_religion_output_level4' is for the lowest level of the classification.

These are the individual fields for each religious affiliation indicated. The categories are the same as for religious affiliation (total responses).

Note: Object to answer is within the residual categories but is a valid response.

See the 'Religious affiliation' definition in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-3 for each field see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Relationship to reference person indicates the kind of relationship each person in a defined group of people, family or not, has to the reference person (for example: father, boarder).

See also 'Reference person' in Family definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-4 see Aria.

'Identification of Individual's Family Nucleus' is a derived variable that identifies whether a person is part of a family nucleus.

A family nucleus comprises a couple with or without child(ren), or one parent and their child(ren) whose usual residence is in the same household; the children do not have partners or children of their own living in that household.

Included are people who were absent on census night but usually live in a particular dwelling and are members of a family nucleus in that dwelling, as long as they were reported as being absent by the reference person on the dwelling form or the household summary page.

See also ‘Absentee’, ‘Usual residents’, and ‘Usual residents in private dwellings’ in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

The 'Individual's role in family nucleus' is a derived variable that indicates people's status in relation to the family nucleus to which they belong. The variable can be cross-tabulated with a number of other family variables, as well as demographic variables such as sex, age, and ethnicity.

A family nucleus comprises a couple with or without child(ren), or one parent and their child(ren) whose usual residence is in the same household; the children do not have partners or children of their own living in that household.

Included are people who were absent on census night but usually live in a particular dwelling and are members of a family nucleus in that dwelling, as long as they were reported as being absent by the reference person on the dwelling form or the household summary page.

See also ‘Absentee’, ‘Usual residents’, and ‘Usual residents in private dwellings’ in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

The 'dependent child under 18 indicator' is a derived classification. It identifies the dependency status of individuals who are children in a family nucleus. 'Indicator' means that the classification should be applied to individuals.

The 'dependent child under 18 indicator' indicates whether an individual is a 'dependent child under 18', a 'dependent young person or non-dependent child', or a 'child of unknown dependency status'.

A dependent child under 18 is a ‘child in a family nucleus’ aged under 15 years or aged 15–17 years and not employed full time.

See also ‘Child in a family nucleus’ in Family definitions; and ‘Employed’ in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

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