2018 Census of Population and Dwellings - Individual Variables (Published)

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2018 Census of Population and Dwellings - Individual Variables (Published)

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

For classification see Aria.

A person is of Māori descent if they are the descendent of a person who has Māori descent or ancestry (these terms are used synonymously).

The term Māori descent is based on a genealogical or biological concept, rather than on cultural affiliation to the Māori ethnic group. Information on cultural affiliations, or ethnicity, is collected in the census question on ethnic group. For the purposes of the Māori descent classification, Cook Island Māori should not be classified to the Māori descent category.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Birthplace refers to the country where a person was born and uses the name of the country at the time of the census. Country is the current, short, or official name of a country, dependency, or other area of particular geopolitical interest. The term is defined to include:

  • independent countries recognised by the New Zealand Government
  • units that are recognised geographic areas
  • administrative subdivisions of the United Kingdom
  • overseas dependencies, or external territories of independent countries.

Note: the category 'at sea' is included in the 'supplementary codes' but is a valid response.

For full classification with levels 1-3 see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

For full classification with levels 1-4 see Aria. Code 'i_language_output_level1' is for the second level of the classification and 'i_language_output_level3' is for the lowest level (level 4) of the classification.

These are the individual fields for each language indicated. The categories are the same as for language spoken (total responses).

See the 'Language spoken' definition in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-4 for each field see Aria.

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

For classification see Aria.

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

For full classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Religious affiliation is the self-identified association of a person with a religion, denomination, or sub-denominational religious group.

A religion is a set of beliefs and practices that usually involves acknowledging a higher power, and guides people’s conduct and morals. Religious affiliation can have multiple responses as people may have affiliation with more than one religion or denomination.

A denomination is a subgroup of a religion. For example, Roman Catholic is a Christian denomination.

Note: the 'object to answer' category is within the residual categories but is a valid response.

For full classification with levels 1-3 see Aria. Code 'i_religion_output_level1' is for the first level of the classification and 'i_religion_output_level4' is for the lowest level of the classification.

These are the individual fields for each religious affiliation indicated. The categories are the same as for religious affiliation (total responses).

Note: Object to answer is within the residual categories but is a valid response.

See the 'Religious affiliation' definition in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-3 for each field see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Sources of personal income identifies all the various sources from which a person aged 15 years and over received income in the 12 months ending 6 March 2018.

In the census it is generally only realistic to collect information on money income. This is income that a person can normally recall or can readily retrieve from their financial records. Money income is money flow from the deployment of one’s labour, entrepreneurial skills, and assets; and from transfers received. So, the concept of money income relies on identifying its sources.

Excluded are income in kind, unrealised income, and contingent income (contingent income depends on the unknown outcome of a course of action, for example, to sue). Excluded also is money received by borrowing, making withdrawals from savings, and receiving repayments of loan principal; and tax credits and reimbursements of expenses.

The sources of income are also available for each separate field in the classification eg as a 'yes' or 'no' response to 'Wages, salary, commissions, bonuses etc paid by my employer'.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Sources of personal income identifies all the various sources from which a person aged 15 years and over received income in the 12 months ending 6 March 2018.

In the census it is generally only realistic to collect information on money income. This is income that a person can normally recall or can readily retrieve from their financial records. Money income is money flow from the deployment of one’s labour, entrepreneurial skills, and assets; and from transfers received. So, the concept of money income relies on identifying its sources.

Excluded are income in kind, unrealised income, and contingent income (contingent income depends on the unknown outcome of a course of action, for example, to sue). Excluded also is money received by borrowing, making withdrawals from savings, and receiving repayments of loan principal; and tax credits and reimbursements of expenses.

For classification see Aria.

Sources of personal income identifies all the various sources from which a person aged 15 years and over received income in the 12 months ending 6 March 2018.

In the census it is generally only realistic to collect information on money income. This is income that a person can normally recall or can readily retrieve from their financial records. Money income is money flow from the deployment of one’s labour, entrepreneurial skills, and assets; and from transfers received. So, the concept of money income relies on identifying its sources.

Excluded are income in kind, unrealised income, and contingent income (contingent income depends on the unknown outcome of a course of action, for example, to sue). Excluded also is money received by borrowing, making withdrawals from savings, and receiving repayments of loan principal; and tax credits and reimbursements of expenses.

For classification see Aria.

Total personal income received is the total before-tax income of a person in the 12 months ended 31 March 2018. The information is collected as income bands rather than in actual dollars. Personal income can be combined with other income information from the same family/household to provide:

  • combined parental income for couples with child(ren)
  • grouped combined parental income for couples with child(ren)
  • total family income
  • total household income.

See the ‘Grouped personal income’ definition in Individual definitions; and the ‘Income bands’ definition in General definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Grouped personal income combines the total personal income categories into broader income categories. This allows more information to be released for small geographic areas and population groups.

See the ‘Total personal income’ definition in Individual definitions; the ‘Total household income’ definition in Household definitions; the ‘Statistical Areas’ definition in Geographic definitions; and the ‘Income bands’ definition in General definitions.

For classification see Aria.

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