Usual Residence - 2001 Census


A person's usual residence is the address of the dwelling or place where the person considers himself or herself to live. --

Variable name: Usual Residence Definition: Usual residence is the meshblock of the dwelling where a person considers himself or herself to usually reside, except in the following cases: people who board at another residence to attend primary or secondary school, and return to their parent's(s') or guardian's(s') home for the holidays, usually reside at the address of their parent(s) or guardian(s). Post-secondary students usually reside at the address where they live while studying children in joint custody usually reside at the place where they spend more nights, or if they spend equal amounts of time at each residence, they usually reside at the place where they are at the time of the census people who are in rest homes, hospitals, prisons or other institutions, usually reside where they consider themselves to live, and this may include the institution a person whose home is on any ship, boat or vessel permanently located in any harbour shall be deemed to usually reside at the wharf or landing place (or main wharf or landing place) of the harbour a person from another country who has lived, or intends to live, in New Zealand for 12 months or more usually resides at his or her address in New Zealand (as in external migration) people who spend equal amounts of time residing at different addresses, and can not decide which address is their usual residence, usually reside at the address they were at on census night, or if none of the above guidelines apply, the person usually resides at the address he or she was surveyed at. The definition of usual residence does not include a time-criterion and instead uses the approach of self-definition. This is because a time criterion can lead to households and families being classified on an arbitrary basis. Furthermore, most people know where they usually live (reside) and as such this involves feelings of belonging, association and participation in and with a household. Questionnaire: Usual residence is collected on the Individual form (Question 5). Subject population: Census Night Population Count. Non-response: This question was dependant on the response to the census night address question and if there was no response or a multiple response to that question the operator had to decide whether the respondent usually lived at census night address or at another address. They then needed to decide whether the respondent usually lived in New Zealand or overseas. Quality level: Usual residence is a foremost variable. Comparability with previous census data: The word 'usually' was removed from the 1996 question but has been included again in 2001. This had an impact on responses and it is better to compare 2001 data with 1991 than 1996. Things to be aware of: Usual residence indicator classification has changed slightly since 1996.

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