Usual Residence


This is a statistical, not a legal, definition generally based on a person's self-identified usual address (ie where they usually live). The Statistical Standard for Usual Residence (1999) states that usual residence is the address of the dwelling where a person self-identifies that they usually live, except in the specific cases listed below.

People who board at another residence to attend primary or secondary school, and return to their parent's(s') or guardian's(s') home for the holidays, usually reside at the address of their parent(s) or guardian(s). Post-secondary students usually reside at the address where they live while studying.

Children in joint custody usually reside at the place where they spend more nights, or if they spend equal amounts of time at each residence, they usually reside at the place where they are at the time of the survey.

People who are in rest homes, hospitals, prisons or other institutions, usually reside where they consider themselves to live, and this may include the institution.

A person whose home is on any ship, boat or vessel permanently located in any harbour shall be deemed to usually reside at the wharf or landing place (or main wharf or landing place) of the harbour.

A person from another country who has lived, or intends to live, in New Zealand for 12 months or more usually resides at his or her address in New Zealand (as in external migration).

People of no fixed abode have no usual residence.

People who spend equal amounts of time residing at different addresses, and can not decide which address is their usual residence, usually reside at the address they were surveyed at.

If none of the above guidelines apply, the person usually resides at the address he or she was surveyed at.

Some or all of these guidelines may be included in the help notes of a questionnaire to assist respondents who have difficulty selecting one usual address. Most people do not have difficulty with this, and therefore the above guidelines are over-ruled by self-identification of one usual address.

For the purposes of the 2001 Census, people of no fixed abode were counted as usually living in the meshblock where they were counted on census night.

Same as

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