2018 Census of Population and Dwellings - Individual Variables (Published)

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2018 Census of Population and Dwellings - Individual Variables (Published)

Individual home ownership indicates whether or not a person aged 15 years and over owns (or partly owns) the dwelling they usually live in or holds the dwelling in a family trust.

See the ‘Tenure of household’ definition in Household definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Post-school qualification is the highest qualification a person aged 15 years and over has gained over and above any school qualifications. Included are qualifications awarded by educational and training institutions, as well as those gained from on-the-job training. Post-school qualification data is produced by level of attainment and by field of study.

In 2018, information is collected on whether the post-school qualification was gained in New Zealand or overseas.

See the ‘Qualification’ definition in Individual definitions.

For full classification with levels 1-4 see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Post-school qualification is the highest qualification a person aged 15 years and over has gained over and above any school qualifications. Included are qualifications awarded by educational and training institutions, as well as those gained from on-the-job training. Post-school qualification data is produced by level of attainment and by field of study.

In 2018, information is collected on whether the post-school qualification was gained in New Zealand or overseas.

See the ‘Qualification’ definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Post-school qualification is the highest qualification a person aged 15 years and over has gained over and above any school qualifications. Included are qualifications awarded by educational and training institutions, as well as those gained from on-the-job training. Post-school qualification data is produced by level of attainment and by field of study.

In 2018, information is collected on whether the post-school qualification was gained in New Zealand or overseas.

See the ‘Qualification’ definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Highest qualification is derived for people aged 15 years and over and combines highest secondary school qualification and post-school qualification to obtain a single highest qualification by category of attainment.

See the 'Qualification' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

This is the highest secondary school qualification gained by category of attainment and is collected for people aged 15 years and over.

See the ‘Highest qualification’ and ‘Qualification’ definitions in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Study participation measures those attending, studying, or enrolled in tertiary institutions, school, early childhood education, or any other place of study. It is grouped into full-time study (20 hours or more a week), part-time study (less than 20 hours a week), and those not studying. In 2013 the subject population for this variable was the census usually resident population aged 15 years and over. In 2018 the subject population is the usually resident population.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Main means of travel to education is the usual method a person used to travel the longest distance to their place of education (for example, by bicycle, school or public bus, walking, or driving).

‘Usual’ is the type of transport used most often – for example, the one used for the greatest number of days each week, month, or year. If there are two (or more) forms of transport used equally as often, the most recent form of transport was recorded.

‘Main’ is the type of transport used for the component of the journey that covers the longest distance.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the ‘Educational institution’ definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Stats NZ has used alternative data sources for missing census responses and responses that could not be classified or did not provide the type of information asked for. We used responses from the 2018 Census, 2013 Census, administrative data, and imputation.

For full classification with levels 1-2 see Aria.

Unpaid activities cover activities performed in the four weeks before 6 March 2018, without payment, for people living either in the same household, or outside. This includes any help or voluntary work through any organisation, group, or marae.

The unpaid activities are also available for each separate field in the classification eg as a 'yes' or 'no' response to 'Household work, cooking, repairs, gardening, etc, for own household'.

For classification see Aria.

Unpaid activities cover activities performed in the four weeks before 6 March 2018, without payment, for people living either in the same household, or outside. This includes any help or voluntary work through any organisation, group, or marae.

For classification see Aria.

Cigarette smoking refers to the active smoking of one or more manufactured or hand-rolled tobacco cigarettes, from purchased or home-grown tobacco, per day, by a person aged 15 years and over.

The term ‘smoking’ refers to active smoking behaviour, that is, the intentional inhalation of tobacco smoke. Smoking does not refer to, or include, passive smoking (the unintentional inhalation of tobacco smoke).

Cigarette smoking does not include:

  • the smoking of tobacco in cigars, pipes, and cigarillos
  • the smoking of e-cigarettes
  • the smoking of any other substances such as herbal cigarettes or marijuana
  • the consumption of tobacco products by other means, such as chewing.

For classification see Aria.

A person is regarded as disabled if they have ‘a lot of difficulty’ or ‘cannot do at all’ one or more of the six activities in the Activity limitations questions. These six questions are the Washington Group Short Set of questions on Disability and are referred to as Activity limitations in the 2018 Census.

The questions ask whether people have difficulty performing any of six basic universal activities (walking, seeing, hearing, cognition, self-care, and communication) and were designed for use with the general population. The questions were not designed to measure all domains of functioning with which people may have difficulty, but rather those domains that are likely to identify a majority of people at risk of participation restrictions.

Disability status is derived from six activity questions:

  • difficulty seeing
  • difficulty hearing
  • difficulty walking or climbing steps
  • difficulty remembering or concentrating
  • difficulty washing all over or dressing
  • difficulty communicating.

The questions were designed to allow comparisons to be made between average outcomes for disabled and non-disabled populations. They were not designed to identify the disabled population.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

For classification see Aria.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the 'Activity limitations' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the 'Activity limitations' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the 'Activity limitations' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the 'Activity limitations' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the 'Activity limitations' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

This is a new variable in the 2018 Census.

See the 'Activity limitations' definition in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

Relationship status is a person’s reported status with respect to the marriage laws or customs of the country. It is collected for any person aged 15 years and over, who usually resides in New Zealand.

There are two types of relationship status:

  • legally registered relationship status (previously known as legal marital status): a person's status with respect to registered marriage or registered civil union
  • partnership status in current relationship (previously known as social marital status): a person's status with respect to their current relationship – either partnered or non-partnered.

See the ‘Civil union’ and ‘Partnered’ definitions in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

A partnered person is related to another person through:

  • marriage or civil union
  • a de facto relationship.

Marriages, civil unions, and de facto relationships include both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples. Same-sex marriage in New Zealand has been legal since 19 August 2013.

See the 'Civil union' and 'De facto relationship' definitions in Individual definitions.

For classification see Aria.

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